[ Pdf War! What Is It Good For?: Conflict and the Progress of Civilization from Primates to Robots ↠´ 14th-century PDF ] by Ian Morris î War has been with civilization from it s founding It also has its roots in the deep past Other species of chimps engage in a violent collective behavior that looks suspiciously like warfare This book is one of those grand theory books like guns,germs and steel Warfare plays a large part in the formation of states and paradoxically the bringing of order and our recent decrease in violence Of course war and militarism are banes to human existence and the book opens up with a close call in 1983 where nuclear war almost ended humanity altogether But the threat of violence and the monopoly control of it makes states and modern life possible Imagine no police or 911 to call every time one has a conflict with neighbors Warfare is the way states and empires control territory and pacify it Warlords and state rulers may not be considered the benefactors of humanity as they are often klept The last thing I expected after reading the description of the contents was a book on archaeology, but that s what this is, and it s a totally gripping read The authors whisks you all over the globe, across continents and through the centuries, matching up changes in the technology of war with changes in the societies affected by those wars He never lost me once, which is saying a great deal he was literally covering the whole of known human history and it would have been easy for him to leave the reader in the dust He makes a good case that war causes at least as much peace and prosperity as it destroys, probably I felt a little squeamish about his statements that we can really know how many cave people died violently, but in general his arguments make sense, and there is a great deal to back up most of what he is saying Fellow Discordians will be utt A Powerful And Provocative Exploration Of How War Has Changed Our Society For The Better War What Is It Good For Absolutely Nothing, Says The Famous Song But Archaeology, History, And Biology Show That War In Fact Has Been Good For Something Surprising As It Sounds, War Has Made Humanity Safer And RicherIn War What Is It Good For , The Renowned Historian And Archaeologist Ian Morris Tells The Gruesome, Gripping Story Of Fifteen Thousand Years Of War, Going Beyond The Battles And Brutality To Reveal What War Has Really Done To And For The World Stone Age People Lived In Small, Feuding Societies And Stood A One In Ten Or Even One In Five Chance Of Dying Violently In The Twentieth Century, By Contrast Despite Two World Wars, Hiroshima, And The Holocaust Fewer Than One Person In A Hundred Died Violently The Explanation War, And War Alone, Has Created Bigger, Complex Societies, Ruled By Governments That Have Stamped Out Internal Violence Strangely Enough, Killing Has Made The World Safer, And The Safety It Has Produced Has Allowed People To Make The World Richer TooWar Has Been History S Greatest Paradox, But This Searching Study Of Fifteen Thousand Years Of Violence Suggests That The Next Half Century Is Going To Be The Most Dangerous Of All Time If We Can Survive It, The Age Old Dream Of Ending War May Yet Come To Pass But, Morris Argues, Only If We Understand What War Has Been Good For Can We Know Where It Will Take Us Next I want to give this book four stars, because it s an enjoyable, thought provoking read on the role of war in the sweep of human history I have at least a couple major concerns, however 1 Much rides for Morris s theory on the distinction between productive war, which leads to increased social complexity, and counterproductive war, which leads to decreasing social complexity Though he provides some suggestions as to the character of each, much of the distinction seems apparently only after the fact But after the fact, this distinction is tautological by definition a war was productive if it led to increased social complexity 2 After providing an overview of patterns Morris argues are visible only at the multi century scale, he goes a bit off the rails in try War What is it Good For By Ian MorrisOne of the best books I have read ever 15 out of 10This is a marvelous book, one of the best I have ever read, even if the subject appears to be repulsive War And the question in the title is certain to repel many would be readers and how mistaken they could be I have known about Ian Morris for about one year now, ever since I had the chance to start reading another masterpiece of his Why the West Rules For NowIn fact, I even have the notes on that in the computer and I need to share with the person who might be interested how breathtaking the book is.
It is not something that you finish overnight t took me than a month, because 1 It is a big book2 Reading it is an Extraordinary Joy3 Because of 2, I moved back and forth through the book, which is also funny, erudite and talks also about the futureThe point of the book is als Be careful what you wish for In a lot of ways Ian Morris is my kind of historian He is unafraid to use what he has learned to teach big important lessons, which I admire I have always thought that too many historians are overly cautious, and spend their time focusing on the minutiae of an era, rather than trying to apply the lessons of that era to our own This book provides a pretty compelling illustration of why those historians might have the right idea Morris has done a number of unconventional things, and written a number of unconventional books I very much enjoyed his Why the West Rules for Now In that book he attempted to present metrics for the relative performance of civilizations in different geographies across millennia It s an essentially impossible tas Seit Jared Diamond 1997 sein epochemachendes und immer noch als Standardwerk gehandeltes Buch GUNS, GERM AND STEEL THE FATES OF HUMAN SOCIETIES vorlegte und darin u.
a eine stark geographisch geologisch gepr gte Theorie der Entwicklung menschlicher Zivilisationen ausarbeitete, wurden immer mehr Versuche unternommen, die Menschheitsgeschichte als Ganzes zu erkl ren, mal unter der Pr misse Zivilisation , mal unter der Pr misse Reiche und Imperien Unter anderem untersuchte der in den U.
A an der Universit t Stanford lehrende Brite Ian Morris 2010 die Frage WHY THE WEST RULES FOR NOW In weiten Teilen griff Morris auf Diamonds Basisarbeit zur ck und kam zu durchaus interessanten Schlu folgerungen Gr tenteils evolutionistisch orientiert, gelangte der Arch ologe und Althistoriker zu der Ansicht, da die Bedingungen unterschiedlicher Gesellschaften zu unterschiedlichen Zeiten unterschiedliche En
I went into this book optimistically, thinking it would substantiate a provocative notion all the things war is good for and, after a knowledgable but tenuous start, the whole thing went to hell then just plain got silly.
The premise is reasonably simple In Man is The Beast the desire to act destructively and the only thing that can counter The Beast is Leviathan government , and the Bigger The Better Morris uses the fake, literary example of The Lord of the Flies as the exemplar of The Beast a pretty dubious proposition given actual failed experiments cf Muzar Sherif to actually create those kinds of situations.
But let s run with this The first part of the book demonstrates a clear understanding of Generally Accepted History, and argues that This one has been on my reading list for some time now The reason I m not rating it is because I cheated Instead of reading the book, I watched his talk about the book on Politics and Prose The argument of the book actually isn t that controversial War has driven societies to become bigger and complex As societies grow, random violence is eliminated and people live longer and happier lives Thus, even though war is a catastrophe for those who die and suffer from it, the result bigger societies, is a benefit As Morris himself points out, this argument is essentially Hobbesian It centers around the notion that you need a Leviathan with a monopoly of violence to make life less random, brutish, and short It s hard to tell
Paradoxically, Ian Morris comes to a different conclusion he argues that humanity has actually benefited from centuries of warfare Only through warfare has humanity been able to come together in larger societies and thus to enjoy security and riches.
The measurement that Morris takes throughout his books is the chance that you had for a violent death The 20th century saw a sharp decrease in this chance, while in the past this was much higher To prove his case, Morris reviews the history of warfare, carrying the reader confidently from bows and arrows to ballistic missiles, and sketching in the parallel development of